In Ballroom dancing, Jive is a dance style in 4/4 time that originated in the United States from African-Americans in the early 1930′s. It was originally presented to the public as ‘Jive’ in 1934 by Cab Calloway. It is a lively and uninhibited variation of the Jitterbug, a form of Swing dance. Many of its basic patterns are similar to those of the East Coast Swing with the major difference of highly syncopated rhythm of the Triple Steps. Women traditionally wear skirts and attire is often circa 1930's/1940's.
Jitterbug is often associated with one form of swing dance but a "jitterbug" can dance Lindy Hop, Shag, or any other swing dance. The term was famously associated band leader Cab Calloway because, as he put it, "They look like a bunch of jitterbugs out there on the floor" due to their fast, often bouncy movements. By 1957 the Jitterbug was the most popular fast dance in the United States and was highlighted weekly on American Bandstand. Traditional Cosumes are usually circa 1940s/1950's
Balboa is an 8-count dance that emphasizes a strong partner connection and quick footwork. A product of Southern California's crowded ballrooms, Balboa (or "Bal") is primarily danced in close embrace. A library of open figures, called Bal-Swing, evolved from LA Swing, that was a contemporary of Balboa. Balboa is frequently danced to fast jazz (usually anything from 180 to 320 BPM beats per minute), though many like to Balboa to slower (170-190 BPM). Traditional attire is circa 1940's/1950's